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Aqua Humic 50ml

Aqua Humic 50ml

Regular price $19.95
Regular price Sale price $19.95
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SKU:SKU AQHU50

Guppy's Aqua Humic is concentrated Humic acid

Dose rate 3 drops per litre

So, what is Humid acid??
Humic acid is a principal component of humic substances, which are the major organic constituents of soil (humus), peat and coal. It is also a major organic constituent of many upland streams, dystrophic lakes, and ocean water. It is produced by biodegradation of dead organic matter. It is not a single acid; rather, it is a complex mixture of many different acids containing carboxyl and phenolate groups so that the mixture behaves functionally as a dibasic acid or, occasionally, as a tribasic acid. Humic acids can form complexes with ions that are commonly found in the environment creating humic colloids. Humic and fulvic acids (fulvic acids are humic acids of lower molecular weight and higher oxygen content than other humic acids) are commonly used as a soil supplement in agriculture, and less commonly as a human nutritional supplement. As a nutrition supplement, fulvic acid can be found in a liquid form as a component of mineral colloids. Fulvic acids are poly-electrolytes and are unique colloids that diffuse easily through membranes whereas all other colloids do not.

So why use it in aquariums?

Ever heard of 'blackwater extract'? Well, that is Humid acid, and if you have software fish like Discus or Tetras, they love it and the dark tint that it gives the water is just like the blackwater in the Amazon where they naturally occur.
Our Humic acid is super concentrated and will go a lot further than conventional treatments.

In reef aquariums?
The tissue of all plants and animals in the marine and estuarine waters have significant amounts of carbon. The carbon is taken primarily in the dissolved state [DOC] by the organisms. In other words, DOC in aquatic ecosystems provides energy and carbon for the metabolism of heterotrophic bacteria, plus some species of phytoplankton which can subsist heterotrophically on dissolved organic [substances] [instead of just light]. Marine organisms also release DOC compounds to control some aspects of their environment. The released compounds can function as toxins to repel predators and competitors, neutralize toxins and to function as attractants for mating. [And these compounds are consumed by bacteria and corals as well]."

"DOC in the form of humic substances have phenolic, hydroxyl and carboxylic groups that can chelate with toxic metal ions like mercury, aluminum and lead. When toxic metals bind to DOC, their toxicity is reduced. This is because dissolved metal ions (free metal ions) are more toxic compared to their complexed form. In aquatic systems, the complexation processes of metal ions by DOC also results in the transport of the metal ions through the uptake of the complexed DOC by organisms, and the aggregation of DOC onto participate matter which eventually sink to the ocean bed [and gets buried in the sediment]."

"The chelation of essential ions like magnesium, calcium and iron is another important role of humic substances with respect to living systems in aquatic bodies like the sea. In the chelated form, the essential ions can be taken in by living organisms, and furthermore, chelation prevents the essential ions from precipitating [onto the sea floor]."

"DOC, primarily in the form of humic and fulvic acids, binds organic pollutants such as phthalates and pesticides as in the case of heavy metals. Humic acids have a greater affinity for hydrophobic compounds than fulvic acids. In addition, unlike fulvic acids, humic acid's binding ability is not affected by large changes in pH. This is because fulvic acids are soluble throughout the entire pH range; therefore they are available for binding with suitable metal centers and organic pollutants."

Humid acid can help to stop problem algae, it can be a natural medication and is in general a good thing to use in your aquarium!

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